of implementation of new methodology of teaching Networking Information
Technologies in conditions of emerging technologies in Ukraine
Paper discusses practical results and experience in development of
new instructional methodology of teaching modern Networking Information
Technologies in rapidly changing conditions of emerging new technologies
in Ukraine. Main Principles of developing Instructional Methodology of
Teaching in Networked Information Environment are formulated.
1. Pilot educational program on Networking Information
Technologies and Services
1. Pilot educational program on Networking
Information Technologies and Services
2. Main Principles of Teaching in Networked Information
3. Current results
Successful implementation of GII elements in Ukraine and its future
sustainability requires a special concern about Professional Education
in Networking Information Technologies and concurrent Training and User
Support activity, which will contribute to the solving problem of preparing
workforce/specialists for socially important area of academic, industry
and business activity in the country.
Pilot project on development of Educational Program and Instructional
Methodology for Teaching Computer Networking and Internet Information Technologies
has been started at Computer Aided Design Department in Kiev Polytechnic
Two groups of 50 engineer students of the firth year have started education
in September 1995 and 1996. 17 students of the first group have successfully
defended their Master theses in June 1997. All students were involved into
development of complete educational course technical and information base.
The pilot educational program includes main specialized courses on Computer
Networks and Networking Information Technologies and Services that could
be developed on existing information and technical base:
Rapid development of modern Networking technologies have demanded more
than 40% changes in course content during second year as well as sufficient
changes in themes of educational projects. Information about new technologies
and standards were directly transferring to students on lectures, classes
and via departmental server.
Computer Networks Basics. LAN and WAN Technologies (2 credits)
Internetworking and Network Management (2 credits)
Internet/intranet Information Technologies and Services (2 credits)
Advanced Networking Information Technologies (Security, Java, VRML, Internet
Publishing etc.) (2 credits)
Internet Business Applications and Information Technologies Business Process
Re-Engineering (2 credits)
Information Society and Advanced Communication Technologies: Social and
Cultural Impact (facultative)
All courses are supplied by instructional and computer presentation
materials that are distributed among students in paper and/or electronic
form. Some materials are available on educational WWW server (http://cad.ntu-kpi.kiev.ua/).
It allowed to create initial base of instructional and educational materials
as well as to adopt and test Russian/Ukrainian terminology on real lecturing
and educational project development.
Some practical experience will be acquired by students during educational
projects designing that include development of real networks projects for
concrete academic and educational institutions including development of
necessary information services for operational needs of the organization
and/or users' group. Also practical installation of services and pilot
information resource development is performed on special educational laboratory
Two main components of complex educational projects are network infrastructure
design and information server structure and content development. Projects
are recommended to be developed by groups of three or four students and
include all necessary components of real networking project design of campus
or company's network including organisation of optimal cooperative work
of the project group
During design period all projects have their homepages on educational WWW
server at CAD Department in special working directories (see reference
page at http://cad.ntu-kpi.kiev.ua/academic/projects/webprj96.html).
After completing and final editing by webmasters Web pages or templates
are moved to their destination location on departmental WWW Server and
two other mentioned servers. Original works are left on their working directories
for future use by other students as templates.
Real conditions investigation
Defining users' groups in organisation and their information resource needs
Network structure design
Choice of Hardware, Software and Communications and Internet Services Providers
for project realisation on comparative basis among companies and providers
available in the region
Corporate/organizational Internet/intranet information server design
Development of devoted to the project WWW server information structure
and it's experimental installation on educational server.
2. Main Principles of Teaching in Networked
Strong orientation on reaching real practical results have allowed to formulate
main principles of developing instructional methodology for teaching and/or
implementing Modern Information Technologies in Technical, Technological
and non-Technical education. These principles can provide real base for
establishing active position of teachers and creative role of learners.
Learning from the Internet - Contributing to the Internet
The new paradigm of education in modern Networked Information Environment
should be incorporated into instructional methodology development
Cooperative Learning Model + students initiative.
Using Internet/Intranet technologies Teachers and Learners can mutually
benefit from implementation and mastering new technologies. Key role in
exploring this principle belong to educational projects and rely on Cooperative
model of course management that effectively use students initiative in
mastering new technologies
Contributional Learning model.
In conditions of wide use of computers and multimedia technologies
among students and rapid technology changes, teachers sometimes can not
have strong benefits in practical technological experience. In this circumstances
they should play the role of mentors and/or managers of educational process
or curricula. Teacher can propose some idea of contributional learning
when students or students groups work on the projects that will have real
implementation in building Campus computer network, development of information
resources or other Society's meaning.
Integration of traditional and distance learning.
New networking environment provided by Internet/Intranet eliminate
differences between traditional and distance learning, however, stressing
on interactive on-line (IRC, conferencing) and off-line (e-mail, mailing
lists) communication between teachers and students.
Concept of "active position".
Complete implementation and full benefits from using Internet and New
Information Technologies in Education can be reached only by using this
principle that is very close to the idea of contributional learning. It
is not enough to give students and teachers Internet access only. To use
effectively Internet, faculties should start development of their own Internet
resources and creation of its own Internet presentation.
3. Current results
The main intermediate results of pilot project realisation can be stated
To provide efficient tool for testing students knowledge and feedback for
course revising and improvement, special examination test system was developed.
The questionnaires consist of 50 questions (randomly chosen and sorted
from the base with more than 100 quest. and 1000 statements) covering all
key items of the course. Officially adopted such test system could be used
for specialists certification for organizational staff education and training
Creation of initial base of learning materials on Russian language on pilot
Developing training materials for practical studying of Internet technologies
Involvement of students in creation of educational base and learning projects
examples as well pilot testing of instructional methodology
Creation and operation of educational server and development of students
account management system
Formulation and implementation of the main principles of Education in Networked
Information Environment in real conditions of emerging technologies
Background of successfull realisation of discussed project on development
new educational program and instructional methodology is idea of cooperative
and contributive learning enforced by students' enthusiasm
and wide interest of professional and business circles in Ukraine.
Such pioneer work will create base for wide implementation of Networking
IT in University's environment and mobilise community's intellectual forces
for self-supporting development of the new technologies. Some areas of
fruitful international cooperation should be found in development of distance
education on the base of existing results and technologies for better utilisation
of developed educational courses and instructional methodologies on different
subjects interesting for Universities.
Described experience is very simple for implementation but demands experienced
and devoted teacher corps capable to work as "playing coach".
Demchenko Yu.V. Cooperative and Contributive Learning - the real choice
to push professional education in Networking Information Technologies in
Ukraine and CIS. - JENC8 Proceedings. -- Edinburgh, Scotland. -- May 12-15,
1997. -- Pp. 822-1 - 822-7.
Demchenko Yu.V. New Paradigm of Education in Global Information Environment:
Learning from the Internet - Contributing to the Internet. - INET'97 Proceedings.
- "The Internet: Global Frontiers. The Annual Meeting of the Internet Society.
- 24-27 June 1997, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.